New Boston Historical Society
New Boston, New Hampshire
Detail of a 1938 map locating New Boston's cows and hens
Mapping the History of New Boston
This page contains scans of interesting maps from New Boston's 280-year history.
Where did people live? Where were roads, saw mills and schoolhouses?
Most maps are clickable, which will open in a new tab a larger, more detailed copy of the entire map.
New Boston was first settled by Scots-Irish immigrants around 1736. There is a map of this First Settlement in a Dartmouth College library.
The library's web page tells us that the map "appears to be on buckskin, suggesting the surveyor used the media that was closest at hand to plot out the township. It notes a stand of beech trees, a birch tree, and a 'heap of stones' as key markers...
This map, executed early in the town's history, shows numbered house lots, the mill, and lots dedicated to a school and a minister."
In December of 2013 the Rauner Special Collections Library scanned this remarkable map for us!
Click to see the entire map or
a detail of the 1740 town center.
These large images will open in a new tab or window - zoom in for stunning detail.
(Images courtesy of the Rauner Library)
In 1756, during the French & Indian War, a New Hampshire clergyman named Samuel Langdon drew
"An accurate map of His Majesty's Province of New-Hampshire in New England".
New Boston's first settlement had been abandoned by this time, mostly due to fear of the aforementioned French & Indians,
but some families from Londonderry NH decided to try again.
(See our Early Years page for more information.)
A new grant for New Boston was issued in 1751 for a town six miles square.
You will notice that New Boston isn't square-shaped in Langdon's map (below).
This is because in their 1751 charter the New Boston proprietors negotiated a little extra:
an additional grant of "fine lands and rich meadows" in what would later become Francestown.
When Francestown received its own charter in 1772, New Boston gave up the "Addition".
Buckskin map of New Boston's First Settlement, c.1740.
The map detail shows the Middle and South branches of the Piscataquog River and the village centered around a mill near today's Gregg Mill.
Modern roads are marked in green.
Detail from Langdon's 1756 map of New Hampshire. The Francestown Addition is the bump on the west side of New Boston.
The towns south of New Boston are "Salem Canada" (now Lyndeborough) and "Souhegan West" (Amherst).
Detail from 1754 map of New Boston. Note that most lots are square and regular, drawn without regard to rivers or mountains or swamps.
This detail from a 1754 map also includes the Francestown Addition.
Like all maps on this page, it has been rotated so that the top of the map is North.
The worn, stained section of the map to the north-east corresponds to First Settlement in the 1740 map;
some lot numbers correspond to the 1740 plan and some don't!
Undoubtedly many fingers jabbed this map as people argued over property boundaries.
Lot numbers range from 1 to 40-something in the north-east quadrant (First Settlement area).
We believe a later surveyor laid out the lots in the other three quarters of New Boston and numbered the new lots from 1 (again!) to 120-something, so there are many duplicates.
Jumping ahead 100 years, we have an interesting map drawn in 1858 and included in Cogswell's "History of New Boston".
This map and our 1892 map are extremely useful to the Historical Society as these maps identify who lived where.
Can you imagine making a map like this today, when many families move every few years?
The population of New Boston was about 1,400 when this 1858 map was drawn, and the map indicates about 200 households.
If you look at U.S. Census records for New Boston in the 1800s, you will notice that a farming household often had multiple generations:
an elderly grandparent or two, a husband and wife, their multiple children, plus a handyman or woman.
The maps also show the locations of one-room schoolhouses ("S.H.") and sawmills ("S.M."). Click the maps to make them bigger!
In 2014, Robert Todd prepared a Composite Plan showing lot numbers and structure locations, based on the 1858 map. Lot lines are approximations.
In 1892, D.H. Hurd & Co. published "The Town and City Atlas of the State of New Hampshire" with a single sheet map for each town in the state.
The page for New Boston shows a "Proposed R.R." - the New Boston Railroad was completed the next year, in 1893.
The roads in the 1858 town-wide map are drawn more accurately than the roads in the 1858 detail map of
the Upper and Lower Villages. Perhaps the mapmaker needed to squeeze in the business and family names.
A 1938 map of New Boston's "Commercial Agricultural Production" was drawn by someone named "D.W.H." at the Department of Agricultural Economics in Durham, NH. Perhaps he or she was a student.
The 1892 map detail shows the village center, which still looks much the same today.
The map shows the relative sizes of herds of cows (orange circles) and flocks of chickens (yellow circles).
Donated by R. Todd.
Up-to-date maps of New Boston may be found on-line using
which offer you options for Satellite view, Bird's-eye view, Street view, etc.
The Town of New Boston Assessing Office has a web page
with a link to Tax Maps; the "Index" map shows the entire town.
Note to researchers:
Volunteers at the New Boston Historical Society are often asked: "Do you know where my great-great-grandmother lived?"
We regret that we do not have a reference book which includes this information.
If we can't answer your question, we'll tell you "All records were lost in the Fire of 1887" which is a valid excuse, sometimes.
Then we may refer you to the Hillsborough County Registry of Deeds in Nashua, NH.
Or we may suggest you look in the Town report:
(Click on the map to see a larger image.)
If you cannot find your ancestor's name on our 1858, 1892 or 1938 maps, another helpful resource is the annual Town Report,
which for many years listed a "Description and Value of Real Estate and Personal Property" for all taxpayers in New Boston, including how many horses, cows and sheep a person owned. (Click here for a sample.)
Some Town Reports include street addresses, while in other years you'll find only which school district someone lived in.
A map showing approximate locations of School Districts may be found on our School page.
The University of New Hampshire has a
digital collection of New Boston Town Reports including most but not all years from 1918 to 2012.
Printed copies of New Boston Town Reports are available at the Historical Society and the Whipple Free Library.
1941 New Boston Town Report
This low-resolution 2016 New Boston map and road index are not clickable.
A high-resolution printed copy of the map with index and the town center inset
is for sale at the Town Clerk's office.
(Map courtesy of Wayne Blassberg. Please do not reproduce.)